Some doctor-approved treatments for deep tissue contusions include providing rest, ice, compression and elevation while gently stretching the muscle at regular intervals and using nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs for pain relief, according to the American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons. After about 48 hours, doctors recommend heat applications and a rehabilitation program to improve and maintain range of function.
A deep tissue contusion is a bruise on a muscle deep inside the body, explains the American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons. Possible symptoms include swelling, pain, weak or stiff muscles, and visible bruising. Although some contusions heal quickly, others require lengthy rehabilitation periods. Athletes need to continue to exercise the uninjured parts of the body during rehabilitation to minimize the loss of muscle tone. A physical therapist or sports medicine specialist helps injured athletes develop fitness programs that minimize the risk of aggravating injuries while still keeping the rest of the body in shape.
After the 48-hour rest period, rehabilitation for a muscle contusion usually starts with gentle stretching of the injured area, reports the American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons. A gradual reintroduction of weight-bearing and strengthening exercises follows. When athletes are strong enough to resume their regular fitness routines, therapists sometimes recommend special padding or support to avoid reinjuring the area of the contusion.