Disorders that can cause frequent cold chills are influenza, pneumonia, malaria, urinary tract infection and anemia, states Healthline. Influenza, or flu, is the most common cause of chills and is extremely prevalent in cold seasons. Disorders are not the cause of all chills; exposure to extremely cold environments can trigger chills.
Pneumonia is a bacterial infection that results in the inflammation of the lungs, notes Mayo Clinic. The lungs become filled with excess fluid, which can result in chills as well as coughing and difficulty breathing. Malaria is a disease that a bite from infected mosquitoes causes. Malaria symptoms are flu-like and result in damage to the kidneys, lungs, heart and brain, notes WebMD. In addition to chills, urinary tract infections may cause burning during urination and the need to urinate frequently, states MedGuidance. Anemia is a condition where a person lacks enough healthy red blood cells, which results in fatigue, paleness, dizziness and shortness of breath in addition to chills.
A fever almost always accompanies chills, advises MedGuidance. Treatment involves rest, drinking lots of water and keeping warm. Taking over-the-counter drugs, such as acetaminophen and ibuprofen, helps fight chills and lower fever. If the chills persists, a doctor can perform a blood test, urinalysis and chest X-ray to help illuminate the causes of the problem.