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What are some diseases that cause swollen hands?

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Quick Answer

Different types of conditions and diseases that are associated with hand swelling include hypothyroidism, bursitis, cellulitis and hyponatremia, according to Healthgrades. Medications for conditions such as diabetes and high blood pressure are also known to cause hand swelling in some patients.

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Full Answer

Hypothyroidism is a disease that affects the thyroid gland's ability to produce enough of the thyroid hormone. Common causes of hypothyroidism include Hashimoto's thyroiditis, radiation therapy in the neck area, radioactive iodine treatment and certain medications, explains WebMD. Other causes of hypothyroidism are not enough iodine in the diet and thyroid surgery. In addition to hand swelling, other symptoms associated with hypothyroidism include menstrual cycle changes, constipation, depression, dry skin and fatigue.

Depending on the cause, additional symptoms that commonly accompany hand swelling include fever and chills, bumps on the hand, weakness in the hand, numbness or tingling and tender areas. Other associated symptoms are stiffness, swollen joints and a reduced range of motion, says Healthgrades. In some patients, hand swelling is accompanied by life-threatening symptoms such as a high fever, skin that is red and warm to the touch, and unexplained weight gain. If these symptoms are manifesting along with hand swelling, it is important to contact 911 or seek immediate medical attention.

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