Diseases that cause muscle wasting or muscle atrophy include dermatomyositis, multiple sclerosis, rheumatoid arthritis and spinal muscular atrophy, according to Healthline. This condition can also result from aging, malnutrition, long-term corticosteroid therapy and lack of physical activity.
Muscle wasting can be a symptom of severe conditions such as Guillain-Barre syndrome, neck or spinal cord injury, or stroke. This condition may accompany symptoms of the neuromuscular system, such as tingling in arms or legs, loss of muscle coordination, balance impaired balance and memory loss, reports Healthgrades. Patients should tell their doctors about their previous injuries and medical conditions, stresses Healthline. Treatment includes ultrasound therapy to aid hearing, physical therapy and exercise in patients experiencing difficulty moving.