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What are some diseases that affect the excretory system?

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Quick Answer

Some of the diseases that affect the excretory system are nephritis, kidney stones and cystitis. The excretory system helps to remove liquid waste from the body. Any failure of this system causes the waste products to circulate throughout the body, creating complications for the whole body.

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Full Answer

Nephritis is the swelling of one or both kidneys. The body’s organs get infected by means of autoimmune malfunctions. Among the disorders, lupus nephritis is a serious illness. The autoimmune system of the human body attacks body tissues and also body cells. This leads to aching in the beginning and progresses to impairment of body organ function.

Another disease of the excretory system, kidney stones, is small-sized accumulations of calcium, which are generally observed in the nephrons. The stones can cause tremendous pain and can lead to more serious problems. The primary cause is modification of or increase in salt levels and other elements in urine. Heredity can also be a contributory factor for kidney stones.

The swelling of the bladder is known as cystitis. The bladder stores urine until it is released by the body. The bladder is an area where bacteria can grow easily, leading to its swelling. This disease may arise because of bacterial infection, the effect of medications, utilizing a catheter for a long period of time and undetected ailments.

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Related Questions

  • Q:

    What are fun facts about the excretory system?

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    One fun fact about the excretory system is that the kidneys receive signals to produce less urine in an effort to preserve hydration when the temperature is hot or there isn't much drinking water available, according to Biology4Kids. When someone consumes too much water, hormones release to make urine production increase.

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  • Q:

    Where does cystitis occur?

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    Cystitis occurs in the bladder. It is an inflammation of the bladder that is usually caused by a bacterial urinary tract infection, according to Mayo Clinic. Cystitis can become a severe health problem if the infection spreads to the kidneys.

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  • Q:

    How can you pass a kidney stone quickly?

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    Drinking between eight and 10 glasses of water each day and taking prescription alpha-blocker medications can move kidney stones through the system quickly, according to WebMD. The longer kidney stones stay in the system, the larger they can grow, and the more pain they cause.

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  • Q:

    What is the importance of the excretory system?

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    The excretory system removes the potentially toxic substances that accumulate from metabolic processes. In mammals, the primary organs used to filter the blood of excess chemicals, particularly nitrogenous wastes, are the kidneys. Other organs involved include the ureters that carry urine to the bladder, which stores the wastes until they can be excreted via the urethra.

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