Among the diseases that cause neurogenic bladder are stroke, Parkinson’s disease, multiple sclerosis and spinal cord injuries, according to the Cleveland Clinic. Erectile dysfunction, diseases of the nervous system, central nervous system tumors and heavy metal poisoning also can lead to a neurogenic bladder.
Symptoms of a neurogenic bladder include an inability to control urination, urinating eight or more times per day, painful urination and a weak urinary stream, claims the Cleveland Clinic. Physical-psychological therapy, electrical stimulation therapy, drug therapy, intermittent self-catheterization and surgery are treatment options for a neurogenic bladder. The proper treatment regimen varies case by case. An untreated neurogenic bladder can lead to kidney failure and a need for dialysis or a kidney transplant.