Some disadvantages of nonextraction orthodontics include gum and teeth stability issues, while side effects from braces include discomfort and root resorption, note Brace Guide and Brace Place. Side effects do not occur in all patients and are experienced differently by each individual.
Teeth are sometimes pulled for braces to avoid certain aesthetic side effects, while some argue that teeth should never be pulled for braces, according to Brace Guide. Sometimes not pulling teeth for braces can alter tooth stability or the aesthetic appearance of the soft tissue. As an example, forcing teeth to fit additional crowded teeth in a patient who has excessively flared incisors causes the incisors to flare even further. If teeth are forced too far forward, they may be susceptible to relapse. Tooth extraction for braces can also fix bite correction, midline correction, and improve soft tissue and the profile.
Some side effects of braces include discomfort, root resorption, jaw joint clicking, pain and relapse, explains Brace Place. Discomfort may appear a few days after placement, and pain associated with it can be relieved by standard painkillers. Root resorption is when the root of a tooth shortens. It is usually insignificant and minor unless the orthodontic treatment is unnecessarily extended. Jaw joint clicking is an occasional side effect and can be accompanied by earaches and headaches. Orthodontic relapse occurs when teeth return to their original positions after the treatment is over, which can be prevented by wearing retainers after treatment.