Treatments for phimosis include daily manual retraction of the penile foreskin, topical corticosteroid therapy to soften the foreskin and surgical removal of the foreskin through circumcision, according to the Department of Urology at the University of California, San Francisco. When determining treatment, doctors consider the patient and the severity of his phimosis.
Phimosis is a condition where a patient is unable to retract the foreskin covering the head of his penis, explains the UCSF Department of Urology. This may be due to a tight ring of foreskin that prevents full retraction. There are two types of phimosis. The first is physiological phimosis, where the tight foreskin occurs naturally in uncircumcised infants and resolves itself by around age 7. The second is pathological phimosis, which results from scarring, inflammation or infection and may cause psychological trauma to the affected if he goes through a forceful foreskin retraction.
If left untreated, physiological phimosis may result in the development of benign and painless conditions such as cysts related to smegma production and the puffing out of the foreskin during urination, states the UCSF Department of Urology. However, for pathological phimosis, complications such as dysuria, balanoposthitis, paraphimosis and penile bleeding may develop and require further treatment.