The different types of neck surgery include spinal fusion surgery, anterior cervical discectomy, anterior cervical corpectomy, posterior microdiscectomy and posterior cervical laminectomy, according to the American Association of Neurological Surgeons.
Doctors consider neck surgery if nonsurgical treatments are ineffective, or if the patient experiences neurological symptoms and difficulty walking. These procedures aim to relieve the pressure on the nerve root caused by a damaged disc, as explained by the Laser Spine Institute. Neurosurgeons determine the suitable surgical procedure depending on the severity of the patient’s condition. The American Association of Neurological Surgeons enumerates several risk factors such as infection, excessive bleeding, spinal instability and injury to vertebral arteries.