What Are Some Different Types of Kidney Diseases?


Quick Answer

Acute lobar nephronia, polycystic kidney disease and chronic renal disease are some of the different types of kidney diseases, according to Kidney.nyc. Some of the diseases are rare and develop gradually, with symptoms that appear at a later stage, while others are more common.

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Acute lobar nephronia occurs when a renal mass or tumor occurs in the kidneys due to infection. Symptoms of the disease include back and flank pain and fever, according to the National Center for Biotechnology Information. Diagnosis of the condition may be difficult, and patients sometimes require prolonged inpatient management of the disease, reports The Journal of Emergency Medicine.

Chronic renal disease causes loss of kidney function over time. Progression of the disease causes waste to build up in the patient’s blood. Patients may also suffer complications ranging from high blood pressure and weak bones to nerve damage and anemia. A patient with chronic renal disease is also at risk of blood vessel disease, while diabetics are more prone to developing chronic kidney disease, explains the National Kidney Foundation.

Genetic predisposition causes polycystic kidney disease, a condition in which clusters of sacs containing fluid develop in the kidneys. The accumulation of fluid causes the cysts to enlarge and may lead to various complications, such as high blood pressure and kidney failure. The disease can also cause cysts to develop in a patient’s liver, states Mayo Clinic.

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