Types of dental implants include endosteal, subperiosteal and transosteal, according to Patient Connect. Dental surgeons recommend these dental implants when a patient has lost a tooth and its root due to injury or dental decay.
Endosteal implants are placed directly in the jawbone via a surgical procedure, notes Colgate. The dental surgeon waits for the surrounding tissues to heal before attaching a post to the implant. After this, the surgeon places an artificial tooth to the post. Alternatively, the surgeon can add the implant to existing dentures or dental bridge.
Surgeons fix subperiosteal implants on top of the jawbone, states the Cosmetic and Dental Implant Center. These implants are suitable for patients who have a minimum bone density to hold the implant in place. Patients who also have a problem wearing conventional dentures are the perfect candidates for this type of implant. The surgeon uses metal posts that protrude through the patient’s gums to hold the false tooth.
Transosteal implants come as a single, transmandibular implant, reports AM-Medicine. Dental surgeons fit this type of implant in a surgical setting. The implant can hold artificial teeth or dentures. Several designs of these implants exist, including the single-component device and multiple component device. The main advantage of this implant is its durability.