What Are Some of the Different Types of Cancer?

What Are Some of the Different Types of Cancer?

Some types of cancer include breast, lung and prostate cancers, which are the three deadliest forms of the disease in the United States, according to the National Cancer Institute. Breast cancer is the most common.

Cancer encompasses a family of more than 100 diseases, which are characterized by the proliferation of abnormal cells that invade and attack normal body tissue. If diagnosed in its advanced stages or left untreated, cancer patients may develop severe illnesses or potentially die, notes the American Cancer Society.

The onset and rate of progression of different types of malignancies vary from patient to patient. Treatment options for one cancer-stricken individual may also not be applicable to another cancer patient. People with cancer generally require a highly specialized form of treatment to increase the likelihood of surviving the disease.

In the U.S., breast cancer tops the list for the predicted annual cancer occurrence for 2015. Breast cancer in females accounts for 231,840 projected new cases, while breast cancer in males is estimated at 2,350 new cases. Out of these forecast cases, the condition is likely to be fatal for 40,290 women and 440 men, states the U.S. National Cancer Institute.

Prostate cancer is the most common cancer among U.S. men, according to MedicineNet. The National Cancer Institute anticipates 220,800 new diagnoses for prostate cancer in 2015. Lung cancer is the second most common cancer in both men and women. Among children, lymphoma, leukemia and cancer of the brain are the most common types of cancers.

Other cancer types include endometrial cancer, kidney cancer, pancreatic cancer and colorectal cancer, which includes both colon and rectal cancers, notes the National Cancer Institute. Non-Hodgkin lymphoma, thyroid cancer and melanoma are other cancer types.