Common types of cancer include bladder, lung, breast, prostate, colon and rectal, endometrial, renal, pancreatic, thyroid and cervical cancer. In the United States, cancer accounts for one out of every four fatality cases, reports the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.
Cancer encompasses a family of more than 100 diseases, which are characterized by the proliferation of abnormal cells that invade and attack normal body tissue. If diagnosed in its advanced stages or left untreated, cancer patients may develop severe illnesses or potentially die, notes the American Cancer Society.
The onset and rate of progression of different types of malignancies vary from patient to patient. Treatment options for one cancer-stricken individual may also not be applicable to another cancer patient. People with cancer generally require a highly specialized form of treatment to increase the likelihood of surviving the disease.
In the U.S., breast cancer tops the list for the predicted annual cancer occurrence for 2015. Breast cancer in females accounts for 231,840 projected new cases, while breast cancer in males is estimated at 2,350 new cases. Out of these forecast cases, the condition is likely to be fatal for 40,290 women and 440 men, states the U.S. National Cancer Institute.
Prostate and lung cancer follow breast cancer in terms of the highest estimated frequency of cancer occurrence in 2015. Other types of cancer include leukemia, melanoma, non-Hodgkin lymphoma, ovarian, uterine, vaginal, vulvar and HPV-associated cancers.