What are the different types of arthritis?


Quick Answer

Different types of arthritis include osteoarthritis, rheumatoid arthritis, gout and septic arthritis, according to WebMD. Lupus and psoriatic arthritis are additional types of the more than 100 known forms of the condition.

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What are the different types of arthritis?
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Full Answer

Osteoarthritis, also known as degenerative joint disease, is the most common chronic joint condition and often affects the spine, hips, knees and feet, states WebMD. Aging and joint overuse are typical causes of osteoarthritis, which affects roughly 33 million Americans. Active individuals, especially those who play strenuous sports, are prone to joint injuries that cause the arthritis. Obese persons also tend to be affected due to the increased weight load on joints.

Rheumatoid arthritis is an inflammatory arthritis that usually affects women, says WebMD. The autoimmune disease particularly the joints; in many cases, lumps, known as rheumatoid nodules, appear on the elbows, heels or knuckles. Compared to osteoarthritis, rheumatoid arthritis causes more intense symptoms of pain, fatigue, stiffness and loss of appetite.

Gout is caused by crystals that collect in the joints, and often linked to increased consumption of alcohol and red meat. Septic arthritis is an intensely painful condition where joints become infected with germs that travel through the bloodstream, often caused by penetrating injury, explains Mayo Clinic.

Treatment option vary on the form of arthritis, notes WebMD. Person suffering from the condition should obtain an accurate diagnosis to determine the origin of pain; a physician can assign proven methods to alleviate symptoms, improve activity level and manage the condition.

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