Some different types of anticoagulants are warfarin and heparin. Anticoagulants are medications that can prevent or treat the formation of blood clots. A blood clot can lead to serious complications, such as a heart attack or stroke, states the National Institute of Health.
Blood clots can form in people who may have poor blood flow or some type of heart disease. Blood clots can obstruct blood flow through arteries and vessels. To prevent or treat blood clots, warfarin is a widely prescribed anticoagulant, reports NHS
Some conditions that may require this prescribed medication are atrial fibrillation congenital heart defects, states the National Institute of Health. Some risks or side effects of taking an anticoagulant are bruising and hematuria.