What are the different things measured on a cholesterol chart?


Quick Answer

Cholesterol charts take into consideration the levels of four main compounds in blood, which include total cholesterol; high density lipoprotein, or HDL; low density lipoprotein, or LDL, and triglycerides, notes Cholesterol-Chart.com. Using these numbers, a chart can then give a rough idea of an individual's risk for cardiovascular disease.

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Full Answer

The HDL is considered to be beneficial cholesterol, while LDL is harmful cholesterol, according to eMedicineHealth. Possessing more than 60 mg of HDL per deciliter of blood is believed to lower the risk of heart disease, while possessing less than 40 mg per deciliter for men, or less than 50 mg per deciliter for women, raises the risk. On the other hand, lower LDL levels are better, with less than 100 mg per deciliter being optimal, and more than 190 mg per deciliter being very high. Overall, less that 200 mg per deciliter of total cholesterol is desirable.

The chart provided by Cholesterol-Chart.com compares only the total cholesterol and HDL levels and shows that high total cholesterol with low HDL levels is dangerous, suggesting that such an individual has a very high risk of cardiovascular disease. Finally, triglycerides are another type of fat in the bloodstream, and also increase risk of disease. While they are not tracked in the chart that Cholesterol-Chart.com gives, eMedicineHealth states that less that 150 mg per deciliter is normal, while over 500 mg per deciliter is very high.

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