Some common skin conditions include atopic dermatitis, rosacea, psoriasis, shingles and contact dermatitis, as listed by Mayo Clinic. Skin conditions may be caused by a variety of factors including heat, infection, allergens and medications.
Atopic dermatitis, commonly known as eczema, is a chronic skin condition characterized by itchy, inflamed patches of skin on the legs, arms, trunk, neck or face, according to Mayo Clinic. Patients can reduce the frequency of flare-ups by avoiding irritating soaps, lotions, detergents and other skin products, and medicated ointments may be used to soothe symptoms. Rosacea is a chronic skin condition characterized by red or pus-filled bumps and facial redness. Exposure to sun, certain foods and temperature extremes may trigger flare-ups.
Psoriasis occurs when dead skin cells rapidly accumulate in thick, dry, itchy and inflamed patches of scaly skin, states Mayo Clinic. Treatment to reduce symptoms includes light therapy and topical medications. Shingles is caused by the reactivated chickenpox virus and often presents as vague sensations of pain or itching before a cluster of small blisters appears, eventually breaking and forming ulcers. Although shingles normally resolves on its own within several weeks, antiviral medications can help lessen its severity. Contact dermatitis is a rash that occurs when the individual touches an irritating substance or an allergen, and it normally disappears when the irritant is removed.