The different types of blood tests include CBC, chemistry panel and lipoprotein panel tests. The CBC or complete blood count test measures different components of blood, such as the amounts of red and white blood cells, total amount of hemoglobin, platelet count, mean corpuscular volume and hematocrit, as noted by the National Heart, Lung and Blood Institute. The hematocrit is the percentage of blood that is composed of red blood cells, and the mean corpuscular volume is a measurement of a red blood cell's average size.
Another important type of blood test is the chemistry panel in which the levels of different substances found in blood are measured. Depending on the specific type of chemistry panel, it can measure the levels of substances, such as bilirubin, blood glucose, calcium, chloride, albumin, sodium, calcium, blood urea nitrogen, potassium and uric acid, as stated by WebMD.
Doctors can order a chemistry panel to diagnose different conditions. When there is an abnormal result for one of these substances, it can indicate a particular health issue. Abnormal blood glucose results can indicate diabetes, and high levels of electrolytes can be a sign of different disorders, such as kidney or heart problems, states the National Heart, Lung and Blood Institute.
A lipoprotein panel is useful for measuring cholesterol levels. The test can look at the total cholesterol, LDL (low density lipoprotein), HDL (high density lipoprotein) and triglyceride level counts. Although these are some common blood tests, there can be many others, including a prostate specific antigen test used in screening for prostate cancer and thyroid blood test. The thyroid blood test measures the levels of different hormones that are related to thyroid function, as noted by MedicineNet.