Forms of neuro checks include mental status tests, motor function and balance exams, sensory assessments, reflex tests, and cranial nerves tests, as listed by Johns Hopkins Medicine. The extent of the neuro checks depends on factors such as the patient's age and condition and the initial problem affecting the patient.
During a mental status test, doctors conduct normal conversations with patients to assess their awareness of place, time and person. Doctors also look for speech clarity and sense in what patients say. To test for motor function and balance, patients pull or push into the doctors' arms. Evaluating balance may involve checking how patients walk or stand. Sensory assessments check for the ability to feel and identify sensations, which may involve touching the patient's legs, hands or head using hands or instruments such as dull needles and alcohol swabs, as Johns Hopkins Medicine notes.
Infant reflex tests include crawling, blinking, Moro's reflex or Babinski reflex. Reflex tests in adults and older children involve using a reflex hammer. Cranial nerves are the principal nerves of the brain. There are 12 cranial nerves, and there is a test for each nerve. The nerves are responsible for the functioning of the different body organs, and the tests depend on the function of the nerve. To test cranial nerve I, a smell nerve, the patient identifies different types of smell, according to Johns Hopkins Medicine.