Examples of food-borne illnesses include shigellosis, salmonellosis, norovirus infection and hepatitis A, explains the National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases. Other types of food-borne illnesses include botulism, campylobacteriosis and E. coli infection.
Shigellosis is an intestinal infectious disease caused by Shigella bacteria. It spreads through drinking beverages or eating foods contaminated by food handlers infected with the bacteria who did not wash their hands after using the bathroom. It also spreads by eating vegetables grown in fields with contaminated sewage and drinking or swimming in contaminated water, notes the National Institute for Allergy and Infectious Diseases. Bacteria known as Salmonella cause salmonellosis. Foods such as beef, eggs, raw poultry, and, in some cases, unwashed fruit may contain the bacteria.
Norovirus is a contagious virus transmitted through eating contaminated food or water, by touching contaminated surfaces or from contact of one infected person to another, according to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. It causes the intestines or stomach to become inflamed, leading to stomach pain, diarrhea and nausea, symptoms that can be serious for children and older adults. Hepatitis A is a highly contagious liver infection caused by a virus known as the hepatitis A virus. It spreads through the consumption of contaminated water or food or through person-to-person contact.