Symptoms of bladder problems include pain, urgent need to urinate, blood in the urine and strong-smelling urine, according to WebMD, Healthline and Mayo Clinic. Examples of bladder infections include interstitial cystitis, bladder cancer and urinary tract infections. Specific symptoms depend on the particular bladder problem.
Interstitial cystitis is the inflammation of the bladder, preventing the bladder from expanding when filling with urine. This condition is common in women, and may indicate a defect in the bladder lining. Bladder pain is the primary symptom, which can spread to the abdomen, the groin or the lower back. The patient may also feel the need to urinate frequently, states WebMD.
Cancer can also develop in the bladder, and can occur as transitional cell carcinoma, adenocarcinoma or squamous cell carcinoma, notes Healthline. As of 2015, the cause of bladder cancer is unknown, and this condition occurs when cells grow quickly and uncontrollably. Symptoms include painful urination, urinary incontinence and abdominal pain.
Urinary tract infections affect parts of the urinary system such as the urethra, the kidneys and the bladder, states WebMD. Symptoms are common in women than are in men, and they include a burning sensation when urinating, cloudy urine, persistent urge to urinate and red or bright pink urine. This infection can cause adverse effects if it spreads to the kidney, and treatment involves antibiotic prescription, notes Mayo Clinic.