Patients suffering from acid reflux may be required to limit beverages and foods that trigger acid reflux, such as alcohol, carbonated drinks, coffee, mint, chocolate, tomatoes, citrus fruits, onions, fatty or spicy foods and garlic. Lifestyle changes that can help prevent acid reflux include quitting smoking and reducing reflux caused by sleeping, as stated by WebMD.
Such foods and beverages trigger acid reflux by irritating the esophagus. Foods high in fat lead to the relaxation of the lower esophageal sphincter (LES), allowing acid to enter the esophagus. Chocolate is known to have an ingredient called methylxathine, which also causes the relaxation of the LES. Some of these foods may not cause a problem for some people, but it is necessary to be careful when eating them.
There is no diet that has been approved to treat acid reflux, as stated by Healthline. Talking to a doctor can help a patient know what foods to limit and what to eat. Eating foods that contain probiotics, such as yogurt, can help in improving digestion. It may also protect the body against some bacteria. Taking more fiber can also help with treating several digestion problems, including acid reflux. Fruits and vegetables are some of the best recommended sources of fiber.