A diet for controlling hyperlipidemia and weight loss limits the consumption of saturated fats, cholesterol, whole-fat dairy products and red meat, states the American Heart Association. This diet also emphasizes foods high in fiber.
Hyperlipidemia is the medical term for too many fats in the bloodstream, explains the American Heart Association. A person with hyperlipidemia should follow a diet that helps control triglyceride and cholesterol levels. Weight loss is also important, as losing weight can help reverse hyperlipidemia in some people.
A person trying to control hyperlipidemia with diet should avoid whole-fat dairy products in favor of products made with skim milk, recommends the American Heart Association. Limiting the consumption of red meat helps reduce intake of trans fats and saturated fats. People with hyperlipidemia should also cook with healthy oils and avoid fried foods when possible.
Some foods do a better job lowering cholesterol than others, reports Mayo Clinic. Oatmeal, kidney beans, pears and apples contain soluble fiber, which helps reduce the amount of low-density lipoproteins, or bad cholesterol, in the bloodstream. Salmon, herring, halibut and mackerel contain beneficial omega-3 fatty acids. Almonds and walnuts also help reduce cholesterol levels, but they should only be eaten in small amounts because they are high in fat.
For weight loss, people with hyperlipidemia should control their portion sizes, avoid products with refined grains, limit the consumption of sugary beverages and eat several small meals per day to avoid overeating, recommends WebMD.