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What are the best diet options for patients with liver problems?

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Quick Answer

The best diet for a patient with liver disease should limit protein, fat and salty foods, but it should include large amounts of carbohydrates and complex vitamins, according to MedlinePlus. A patient should consult a doctor prior to changing a diet.

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What are the best diet options for patients with liver problems?
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Full Answer

Proteins protect liver cells from damage and prevent the accumulation of fats, and they are responsible for tissue repair and the production of essential amino-acids, according to MedlinePlus. However, a patient with liver complications should limit the intake of proteins to avoid the accumulation of wastes, which results in toxic deposits and brain damage. The ideal protein intake is 1 gram of protein for every kilogram of body weight. Patients with severe liver complications should consume very small amounts of protein.

Patients with liver diseases should consume large amounts of carbohydrates and average amounts of fats, as MedlinePlus explains. The main source of calories in the diet should come from carbohydrates, which determine blood sugar levels. Carbohydrates and fats bar proteins from breaking down in the liver, thus limiting the production of toxic wastes.

Patients should include vitamins such as B-complex vitamins in their diet and consume at most 1500 milligrams of salt per day, notes MedlinePlus. A lot of salt may cause the liver to swell and produce a lot of fluid. Examples of good foods for liver disease patients are strawberries, oranges, coffee, tea, cooked vegetables and oatmeal with sugar. A healthy diet for those suffering from liver disease can also include moderate amounts of lean fish, milk, poultry or meat.

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