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What is a diet for gout patients?

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Quick Answer

A good diet for gout patients is low in purines, which break down into uric acid when digested, states the Mayo Clinic. Uric acid can build up in the blood, forming the painful crystals that cause gout.

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Full Answer

Purines are found in many healthy foods, and the goal of a gout diet is to keep track of the amount of purines in the foods the patient eats and monitor how the body responds to that amount, not to eliminate purines altogether, according to FamilyDoctor.org. Avoiding foods particularly high in purines is advised by the Gout and Uric Acid Education Society. High-purine foods include red meat, lamb, pork and organ meats, such as liver, kidneys and sweetbreads, certain seafoods, such as shrimp, lobster, mussels, anchovies and sardines, and beer and liquors made from grains. Cutting out saturated fats is also important, according to the Mayo Clinic, because they hinder the body's ability to flush out uric acid.

A gout diet includes complex carbohydrates rather than refined carbohydrates, states the Mayo Clinic, and plenty of low-purine foods, such as low-fat or non-fat dairy products, fresh fruits and vegetables, and grains, as stated by the Gout and Uric Acid Education Society. In addition, the Mayo Clinic advises drinking plenty of water every day to help remove uric acid from the body.

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