Patients recovering from gallbladder surgery should eat a low-fat, high-fiber diet including whole-grain breads and cereals, as well as cruciferous vegetables such as cabbage, cauliflower, broccoli and Brussels sprouts, according to Everyday Health. High-fiber foods may initially cause discomfort and need to be slowly reintroduced to the patient's diet.
Patients who undergo gallbladder surgery do not typically need to make long-term changes to their diets, states MedicineNet. Gallstones are not a direct response to dietary choices, and they are not treated through diet; however, managing a healthy weight may prevent them from developing. For instance, obese individuals who lose weight rapidly on low-calorie diets have a risk factor of 40 to 60 percent for developing gallstones.
Directly after surgery patients need to adjust their diets by consuming mainly broth, gelatin and liquids, according to Everyday Health. Solid foods can be reintroduced as soon as the patient is able to digest normally, based on guidance from a doctor. Many patients experience problems digesting foods high in fat and should avoid foods made with butter, lard, cream sauces and gravies. Other foods to avoid include pizza, chocolate, high-fat meats and fried foods. Patients should remove the skin from poultry, such as from chicken and turkey, and avoid whole-fat dairy products, such as cheese, milk and sour cream.