The best diet for a diabetic includes healthy carbohydrates, heart-healthy fish and fiber-rich foods, claims MayoClinic. Foods rich in monounsaturated and polyunsaturated fats, such as pecans, almonds, walnuts, olive and peanut oils, and avocados are also suitable for a diabetic.
The diet for a diabetic involves eating a range of foods in moderate quantities at regular meal times, explains MayoClinic. The choice of foods and eating habits can help the patient keep their blood sugar level within the normal range.
During digestion, sugars and starches are broken down into blood glucose, which raises the level of sugar in the blood. Instead of sugars and starches, the patient should eat healthy carbohydrates such as vegetables, fruits, low-fat dairy products and whole grains, recommends MayoClinic. Other healthy carbohydrates are legumes, which include beans, peas and lentils.
MayoClinic recommends eating heart-healthy fish at least twice a week. Fish such as cod, tuna and halibut can act as an alternative to high-fat meats because they have less cholesterol, total fat and saturated fat. Salmon, mackerel, tuna, sardines and bluefish contain omega-3 fatty acids, which lower triglycerides to enhance health. One should, however, avoid fried fish and fish that contain high mercury levels such as swordfish and tilefish.
Fiber-rich diet includes indigestible foods such as vegetables, fruits, nuts and legumes. Fiber controls blood sugar level and prevents heart disease, explains MayoClinic.