Some of the numerous diagnoses that have leg pain as a symptom include rheumatoid arthritis, varicose veins, osteoarthritis, sciatica and Achilles tendinitis, explains Mayo Clinic. Other potential causes include gout, chondromalacia patella, a torn meniscus or Baker's cysts, as well as sprains, strains or bone fractures.
Leg pain most commonly occurs due to wear, injuries or overuse of joints, bones, tendons, ligaments or muscles, notes Mayo Clinic. However, health problems involving the lower spine, circulation issues or blood clots in the legs can also be the root cause.
Patients with minor leg pain or swelling can try home-care treatments such as elevating the leg while lying or sitting down and applying ice packs for 15 to 20 minutes at a time, states Mayo Clinic. Over-the-counter pain relievers such as Aleve or Advil may also be effective at reducing minor leg pain.
It is best to seek medical attention if the pain worsens or fails to improve after administering home care for a few days, according to Mayo Clinic. Swelling in both legs is another sign that medical attention is necessary. It is important to seek immediate care if the patient is experiencing breathing difficulties, has an exposed bone or deep cut, or cannot walk or put any weight on the leg. Redness, pain, swelling or warmth in the calf region can also signal a serious medical problem that requires immediate care.