Hypertension is diagnosed with a blood pressure reading, states Mayo Clinic. Blood pressure readings are taken with a cuff with a pressure-measuring gauge. Hypertension is diagnosed by the first and second pressure readings. Hypertension is treated with lifestyle changes and drugs, notes WebMD. Treatment is decided by the seriousness of an individual’s hypertension. Follow-up checkups are recommended to determine the efficacy of treatment.
Hypertension is categorized as prehypertension, stage 1 hypertension and stage 2 hypertension, explains Mayo Clinic. Blood pressure readings ranging from 120 to 139 mmHg or a 80 to 89 mmHg diastolic pressure reading indicates prehypertension. A diastolic pressure reading ranging from 90 to 99 mmHg and a 140 to 159 mmHg systolic pressure reading indicates stage 1 hypertension, and stage 2 hypertension has readings of a 160 mmHg systolic pressure reading and a diastolic pressure reading beginning at 100 mmHg. Multiple blood pressure readings are taken on different days before diagnosing an individual with hypertension.
Losing weight, eating a healthy diet, regularly exercising and limiting alcohol are lifestyle changes that treat hypertension, according to WebMD. Drugs such as beta-blockers, diuretics, renin inhibitors, alpha-blockers and angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitors also treat hypertension. Diuretics are typically the first choice of drug treatment for hypertension.