A physician or physiotherapist can usually diagnose a torn calf muscle with a thorough examination of the calf and lower leg. In many cases, the diagnosis is confirmed thorough the use of an MRI scan or ultrasound, according to PhysioAdvisor.com.
Calf tears can be described as partial tears in one or more of the muscle fibers that make up the entire calf muscle. The condition is also known as a calf strain or a pulled calf muscle. Tears are usually classified into grade one, grade two and grade three tears, each grade representing the severity of the injury.
Calf tears occur when there is a sudden contraction of the calf muscle, such as during sudden acceleration, jumping or lunging. Symptoms include sudden and sharp pain, spasms, bruising and weakness in the calf, as stated by PhysioAdvisor.com. Many athletes suffer from this injury, and it is especially common in tennis, track and field, basketball, baseball and soccer where sudden starts and stops are frequent.
Treatment of the condition depends on the severity of the injury. According to PhysioWorks, most calf pain can be treated with physiotherapy. Application of ice and heat is often used to reduce swelling and increase circulation. Rest, accompanied by elevation of the calf, is generally required for quicker recovery.