Diagnose foot problems by first determining where on your foot the pain is located, advises WebMD. The general areas are the heel, the ball of the foot, the arch, the toes and the outer edge of the foot.
Plantar fasciitis, heel spurs, a stone bruise or a fracture are common causes of problems and pain in the heel of the foot, according to WebMD. Pain early on in the day characterizes plantar fasciitis, while the sharp, stabbing pain of heel spurs occurs during running, walking or standing. A stone bruise feels like walking on a pebble, and a fracture occurs after high impact or trauma to the heel. Pain at the ball of the foot is typically either metatarsalgia, sesamoiditis or Morton's neuroma. Icing, properly resting the foot and wearing shoe inserts are the most common solutions to these issues.
Arch and outer-edge foot pain are usually a result of fallen arches or fractures, explains WebMD. Although severe cases may require surgery, rest, shoe inserts and pain relievers relieve most cases of these issues. Toe-related problems range from arthritis, fractures and sprains to ingrown toenails, hammer toe, claw toe and turf toe. Nerve damage due to diabetes, tendinitis or some other foot trauma can result in general foot pain.