Diabetes teaching plans cover a variety of topics that are vital to coping with this illness, including general information about the disease, self-care, exercise, nutrition and how diabetes can relate to other diseases, according to Johns Hopkins Medicine. Patient education materials typically cover how doctors make a diagnosis, signs and symptoms, preventative measures and treatment options, including medications.
Diabetes teaching plans regarding self-care include information on blood glucose monitoring and foot assessment and care, according to Johns Hopkins Medicine. Patients need to learn how to use blood glucose meters, keep track of their blood sugar levels throughout the day, and how to handle hypoglycemic (low blood sugar) and hyperglycemic (high blood sugar) episodes.
Patient education on diabetes often includes information on the health benefits of exercise and ways to incorporate exercise into a daily routine. Because of the association between Type 2 diabetes and obesity, health care providers often educate patients about the importance of losing weight and how to make healthy changes to their diets, according to Johns Hopkins Medicine.
Finally, diabetic teaching materials typically cover how having diabetes is associated with other health problems and how to reduce the likelihood of complications. These health problems include infection, high blood pressure, heart disease, vascular disease and decreased kidney function, according to Johns Hopkins Medicine.