What Is a Diabetic Level Chart?

A diabetic level chart or a blood glucose level chart helps a patient track fasting and postprandial blood sugar levels against a target value, explains Healthline. A typical diabetes level chart requires users to test and chart their blood glucose levels, any medication taken before the test, and any other factors that may influence the test results. It is also important to log details of any physical activity and food intake before a blood glucose test, states WebMD.

A diabetic blood glucose level chart is a diabetes management tool that documents the optimal blood sugar level for a specific patient as recommended by a physician, explains MedicineNet. This chart is used to record the optimal blood glucose range before breakfast, just before any meal, two hours after a meal, and at bedtime. The normal blood glucose readings for a healthy adult are between 80 to 120 mg/dL before any meal, 160 mg/dL two hours after a meal, and between 100 and 140 mg/dL at bedtime, confirms MedicineNet.

For confirmed diabetics, the determination of blood sugar level targets is based on a range of considerations such as the average life expectancy, coexisting medical conditions, hypoglycemic unawareness, cardiovascular disease, and damage to the blood vessels supplying other organs, notes the Amercian Diabetic Association. A physician may set higher targets for patients who suffer from hypoglycemic unawareness and find a personalized optimum level for other patients in order to prevent hyperglycemic and hypoglycemic levels, according to Mayo Clinic.