The treatments for diabetes can depend on whether a person has type 1 or type 2 diabetes. For type 1 diabetes, the basic treatments can include a diet plan, exercises and insulin, reports MedicineNet. In addition to the treatments for type 1 diabetes, people with type 2 diabetes who are obese may have to lose weight.
However, if these treatment plans fail to lower the blood sugar levels in a person with type 2 diabetes, then the patient may need oral medications to address the problem, according to MedicineNet. These medications can include metformin and sulfonylureas. Metformin works to lower the amount of glucose that is produced in the liver, while sulfonylureas are medications that help the body to make ore insulin, explains the Mao Clinic. People with type 2 diabetes may also require insulin therapy.
People with either type 1 or type 2 diabetes need to follow a diet plan that is low in fat and include foods that contain plenty of fiber. However, people should limit their intake of food that contain refined carbohydrates or sugar. Carbohydrates can increase the blood glucose levels in the body, relates KidsHealth.
In controlling blood glucose levels, it is important to take insulin every day if this medication is prescribed. Similarly, people with diabetes may need to monitor and record blood sugar levels several times a day with a blood glucose meter.
Diabetes is a metabolic condition in which the body either produces insufficient or no insulin, which leads to a build of glucose in the body. When diabetes is untreated, it can lead to major complications like kidney damage and heart problems, states the Mayo Clinic.