Diabetes treatment depends on the type of diabetes, according to Drugs.com. Type 1 diabetics do not produce insulin and require insulin replacement. Some type 2 diabetics are able to control their condition with diet and exercise, but others require oral medication or insulin.
The best way to control diabetes is to establish a daily routine. People who get the same amount of exercise, eat similarly sized meals and take their medication regularly have the best chance of predicting how their body responds, according to KidsHealth. As of 2015, there is no cure for either type of diabetes. Following a treatment plan offers the best way to reduce complications of either type of disease.
Some type 1 diabetics have better control with an insulin pump, according to WebMD. The pump delivers smaller doses several times daily. Another tactic for dealing with the disease is to eat several smaller meals each day in an attempt to spread the carbohydrates over the day.
Regular physical activity helps to lower the blood sugar levels in diabetics, reports WebMD. It increases the body's ability to use insulin. Exercise also helps to reverse the dilation of the heart and blood vessels, risk factors that make it more likely for a diabetic to suffer a heart attack.