A food chart may help patients with diabetes determine the types and amounts of foods that are safe to eat, allowing them to maintain healthy blood-glucose levels and body weight, as MayoClinic explains. Diabetes is a disease in which the sufferer is unable to efficiently process glucose from foods, which may lead to a dangerous build-up of blood sugar, according to WebMD.
Certain foods, especially those that contain high amounts of starches, refined sugar and flour, cause sudden significant rises in blood sugar when consumed, according to Health.com. For people with diabetes, a sudden spike in blood sugar may be dangerous. Using a chart to list safe, healthy foods and to plan daily meals helps patients with diabetes to better control their eating and to avoid blood sugar spikes and crashes.
A patient with diabetes may choose to use a food chart to track the number of carbohydrates consumed in a day. Setting a daily allotment of carbohydrates and ensuring that these carbohydrates are consumed at regular intervals helps patients keep blood sugar at a consistent level, as noted by Mayo Clinic. Patients may also work together with their doctors to determine healthy meal plans. They may decide to organize a food list to detail meal options that have similar amounts of fats, carbohydrates and calories so that the patient can select different foods without causing fluctuations in blood sugar.