Ask Dr. Sears defines hydrogenated fat as a fat that results from the process of hydrogenation, which is when hydrogen molecules are forced into a normally unsaturated fat molecule. About.com Nutrition states that this process changes the shape of the fat molecules and gives the oil a semi-solid or solid texture.Continue Reading
According to Ask Dr. Sears, using hydrogenated fats is advantageous because they have a longer shelf life and they are cheaper. Hydrogenated oils are commonly used in processed foods such as cookies, peanut butter, margarine, cakes, shortening, chips and crackers. Hydrogenated oils are also used for frying in restaurants because they stand up well to heat and last longer.
Despite their advantages of cost and convenience, Ask Dr. Sears states that hydrogenated oils have several negative health effects. Nutritionally, hydrogenated fats are not useful to the human body. Hydrogenated oils contain trans-fatty acids, which have been shown to raise LDL, or bad cholesterol levels and to lower HDL, or good cholesterol levels in the blood. Trans fats may also reduce the body's ability to metabolize fats that the body needs and decrease the body's ability to fight inflammation. Consuming hydrogenated fats may also lead to a decreased intake of other essential fatty acids that are important to organ function.Learn more about Nutritional Amounts & Limits
While total caloric intake depends on the height, weight and activity level of an individual, the American Heart Association recommends that less than 30 percent of calories come from fat. With 9 calories per fat gram, someone who eats 2,000 calories a day should eat no more than 65 grams of fat per day. Fat should be divided among the three types with an emphasis on healthy monounsaturated fats.Full Answer >
Input, process, output (IPO), is described as putting information into the system, doing something with the information and then displaying the results. IPO is a computer model that all processes in a computer must follow.Full Answer >
According to MedlinePlus, milk-alkali syndrome results from the presence of excess calcium in the body and can lead to a person losing his kidney function. Too much calcium in the body shifts the body's acid/base balance toward alkaline. Vitamin D toxicity is another possible result from drinking too much milk.Full Answer >
Too much niacin or niacin overdose results in abdominal pain, nausea, vomiting, rapid heartbeat, itching and gout, states Mayo Clinic. Additional common symptoms of niacin overdose include diarrhea and skin flushing that is combined with dizziness.Full Answer >