Symptoms from Parkinson’s disease can be treated through medication, deep brain stimulation, surgery, lifestyle changes and exercise, according to Mayo Clinic. These treatments cannot cure Parkinson’s disease, but they may ease the symptoms.Continue Reading
Medications can increase the brain’s amount of dopamine, which helps Parkinson’s disease symptoms, according to Mayo Clinic. The most effective medication for Parkinson’s disease is levodopa. Other medications used to treat Parkinson’s disease are MAO-B inhibitors, dopamine agonists, anti-cholinergics, catechol-O-methyltransferase inhibitors and amantadine.
Deep brain stimulation is most commonly offered to individuals with advanced Parkinson’s disease who have not responded well to medication, according to Mayo Clinic. This treatment involves the implantation of electrodes into certain brain areas and the use of a generator implanted in the chest to send electrical pulses to the brain.
Surgery is generally only considered as treatment for Parkinson’s disease when medication is unable to sufficiently treat symptoms, according to WebMD. Pallidotomy surgery removes part of the brain called the globus pallidus and can largely improve balance problems and other Parkinson’s symptoms. Thalamotomy surgery removes part of the thalamus and reduces tremors.
An occupational therapist can assist with techniques for improving daily life for individuals with Parkinson’s disease, according to Mayo Clinic. A balanced diet high in fluids, fiber and omega-3 fatty acids may be beneficial.
Maintaining physical and mental well-being is important for individuals with Parkinson’s disease, according to WebMD. Physical therapy improves balance, muscle strength, motion, motor responses and body alignment. Support groups and social activity help with depression associated with the physical difficulties of Parkinson’s disease.Learn more about Conditions & Diseases