Treatment of non-scarring alopecia depends on the extent of hair loss, the age of the patient and the location of the hair loss, reports Dermnet. Common treatment options include topical steroid creams, topical anthralin and intralesional steroids.
Treatment of non-scarring alopecia, also known as alopecia areata, cannot prevent further balding, cure the condition or even slow it, reports Dermnet. Localized treatment of hair loss sometimes successfully stimulates hair to re-grow, but small areas often re-grow within two years without treatment anyways.
Children are first treated with topical steroids for three months, states Dermnet. If this is ineffective, short-contact anthralin therapy or a solution of 5 percent minoxidil is applied topically to these areas. Older children and adults can be treated using intralesional steroids, normally at a concentration of 3 to 5 milligrams of triamcinolone per milliliter. Adults can also opt to use short-contact anthralin therapy or minoxidil if they have an aversion to needles. Diphenylcylopropenone is used as a last ditch therapy, and it has a success rate of roughly 25 percent in patients with alopecia.
If these treatments are not successful, patients should be referred to support groups, adds Dermnet. Hair pieces and wigs can be used to conceal hair loss.