To deal with the effects of low sodium, change your water intake and change the sodium levels in your diet, as stated by Mayo Clinic. In addition, discontinue any medication that alters the normal levels of sodium.
Hyponatremia is the condition where the blood has low levels of sodium. One of the most effective ways to deal with the problem is to see a physician and have the underlying disease treated. Usually, it is caused by diminishing function of the heart, kidneys and liver, according to Mayo Clinic.
Similarly, lung cancer, underactive thyroid glands, underactive renal glands, diuretics, carbamazepine and some antidepressants cause the condition. Common signs of hyponatremia include confusion, altered personality and lethargy. In severe cases, a person may fall into a coma and eventually die. Treatment of the condition involves the administration of electrolytes and fluids, as stated by MedicineNet.
Doctors give medications to deal with the underlying disease, as well as the accompanying symptoms. First, they conduct a blood test to diagnose the problem. The normal level of sodium is 135 to 145 milliequivalents per liter. If the level drops lower than 110 milliequivalents per liter, doctors usually treat the case as an emergency, according to eMedicineHealth. A test of the urine concentration may be used to determine the type of hyponatremia that individual patients have.