People with high triglyceride levels are at a high risk of suffering from a heart attack, stroke and other heart diseases, according to the Mayo Clinic. High triglyceride levels imply an underlying serious health condition such as poorly controlled diabetes, kidney disease, unhealthy eating or hypothyroidism, reports WebMD.
Triglyceride levels above the healthy range can increase the risk of heart diseases resulting from a possible thickening or hardening of the walls of the artery, says the Mayo Clinic. High triglyceride levels result from excessive intake of calories, especially fats and carbohydrates. The condition may signify that a person is prone to diseases that increase the risk of stroke and heart attack, such as obesity. A person may also be in danger of suffering from metabolic syndrome, which is characterized by abnormal cholesterol levels, high blood pressure, high blood sugar and excess fat around the waist.
High triglyceride levels may indicate that a person is suffering from a rare genetic condition that inhibits the proper conversion of fat to energy, notes the Mayo Clinic. Other people may have kidney or liver diseases, low levels of thyroid hormones, or poorly controlled type 2 diabetes. The level of triglyceride can rise above normal range as a side effect of certain medications, such as the breast cancer drug tamoxifen, birth control pills and beta blockers.
In some cases, medications such as birth control, steroids, beta-blockers and diuretics can cause high triglyceride levels, states WebMD. Normally, a person who has high triglyceride levels does not experience symptoms. However, a person who has high triglyceride levels as a result of a genetic condition may notice deposits of fat under the surface of the skin. To lower triglyceride levels, limit fat and sugar intake, stop smoking, limit alcohol consumption, stay active and maintain a healthy weight.