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What is D and C surgery?

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Quick Answer

Dilation and curettage, or D and C, surgery is a low-risk procedure that involves removing unwanted tissue from the inner lining of the uterus, explains Mayo Clinic. D and C surgery treats abnormal uterine bleeding or clears the inside of the uterus after or during a miscarriage or abortion, reports WebMD. The procedure can take place in the doctor’s office, an outpatient clinic or a hospital, notes Healthline.

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Full Answer

During a D and C surgery, the patient reclines on an examination table and rests her feet in stirrups, according to Mayo Clinic. The doctor then inserts a speculum into the vagina and holds the cervix in place using a clamp, explains WebMD. An antiseptic solution cleanses the cervix before the doctor inserts a series of rods into the cervical opening to dilate it, notes Healthline.

After dilating the cervix, the doctor uses a long, spoon-shaped instrument known as a curette or suction device to remove uterine tissue, reports Mayo Clinic. The entire procedure takes about 15 to 30 minutes. After the procedure, the patient may spend a few hours in a recovery room to give her time to recover from the effects of anesthesia, notes WebMD.

Potential side effects of a D and C surgery include light bleeding, cramping, blood clots, and damage to the uterus or cervix that may cause heavy bleeding, severe pain and fever, explains Healthline. If any of these side effects occur, the patient should contact the doctor immediately, advises Mayo Clinic.

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