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What is a D and C medical operation?

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Quick Answer

According to WebMD, a D and C operation is one way to refer to a dilation and curettage operation, a procedure in which the uterine lining is scraped. D and C procedures are performed to prevent infection following miscarriages and abortions. The procedure is also performed to diagnose and treat uterine abnormalities.

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Full Answer

According to the Mayo Clinic, doctors perform dilation and curettage procedures by first opening up the cervix using a small instrument or medication. Once the cervix is open, uterine tissue is scraped out with a sharp instrument called a curette. In certain procedures, suction is also implemented.

Medline Plus explains that D and C operations are performed to diagnose certain conditions, rule out uterine cancer and treat heavy or irregular menstrual bleeding. D and C procedures are also recommended for women who experience bleeding after menopause or who wear intrauterine devices. Risks related to D and C procedures include puncturing of the uterus, scarring of the uterine lining that can lead to infertility and cervical tearing. Minor side effects following D and C procedures include vaginal bleeding and back pain. Individuals who undergo a D and C procedure should avoid wearing tampons for one to two weeks following the procedure and can typically resume normal activities within a short period of time.

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