CVD stands for cardiovascular disease, according to Dictionary.com. Cardiovascular disease, also known as heart disease, includes multiple conditions affecting the heart's structures and functions, according to WebMD.
In the United States as of 2015, cardiovascular disease is the primary cause of death for men and women, according to WebMD. Many cardiovascular diseases involve the condition of atherosclerosis, according to the American Heart Association. Atherosclerosis develops when plaque builds up in arteries, narrowing the arteries so that blood is less capable of flowing to and from the heart. The main conditions resulting from cardiovascular disease include heart attack, stroke, heart failure and arrhythmia.