Treatments to cure skin irritations include over-the-counter ointments and creams that contain steroid hydrocortisone and help relieve the redness, swelling and itching associated with eczema, explains WebMD. Treatment for hives related to an allergic reaction requires prescription or over-the-counter antihistamines, according to the American College of Allergy, Asthma and Immunology. Extreme reactions require treatment with prednisone or epinephrine to prevent breathing problems. Treatment for mild allergic reactions on the skin involves using anti-itch salves and cold compresses to minimize symptoms.
Causes of common skin irritations include atopic dermatitis, hives, contact dermatitis and latex allergies, explains the American College of Allergy, Asthma and Immunology. Atopic dermatitis causes the skin to become itchy, irritated, dry and red. Some patients experience small, fluid-filled bumps on the skin that secrete a yellowish liquid. Contact dermatitis produces blisters, burning, a rash and itching. People develop contact dermatitis when exposed to an irritant or allergen such as detergent, fabric softeners, shampoos or soaps. Shaving lotions, sunscreens and perfumes can also cause contact dermatitis.
A latex allergy can produce skin irritation that causes hives, a stuffy or runny nose and itching, according to the American College of Allergy, Asthma and Immunology. Extreme cases can produce chest tightness, wheezing and difficulty breathing. People with allergies often develop hives that cause welts or red bumps on the skin. Hives that persist longer than six weeks require medical attention to determine if the condition is chronic.