Some treatments for overactive bladder include behavioral interventions, medications and bladder injections, according to Mayo Clinic. Other treatments include nerve stimulation and surgery.
Oftentimes, an overactive bladder can be treated using behavioral interventions, including Kegel exercises that strengthen the muscles of the pelvic floor, leading to less frequent urination, notes Mayo Clinic. Maintaining a healthy body weight can reduce stress urinary incontinence, and reducing fluids and consuming fluids at pre-determined levels can also help. Double voiding to clear the bladder of more urine, scheduled toileting and intermittent catheterization are other interventions that are sometimes effective in controlling an overactive bladder.
Medications can be prescribed to relax the bladder, control overactive bladder symptoms and reduce the urge to urinate. Some of the most common include Detrol and Vesicare. Injections of Botox in the bladder is effective in some patients for causing partial paralysis of the muscles in the bladder. Treatments to stimulate the nerves can also help to control symptoms of overactive bladder.
Surgery is an option when other overactive bladder treatments fail to work. One type of surgery increases the bladder's capacity, which in turn reduces the need to urinate as often. Another involves removing the bladder and routing urine through a bag on the body, although this treatment is reserved for the most extreme cases of overactive bladder.