A series of lifestyle changes including diet, rest and exercise help to improve inflammation and avoid future flare-ups, states WebMD. In more serious cases, WebMD recommends medication, physical therapy and surgery.
WebMD defines inflammation as a natural body process, wherein the white blood cells begin to fight off foreign bodies. In situations with autoimmune disorders, this process activates inappropriately, fighting off not only foreign objects and bacteria, but also the body's own tissue. The best cures and treatments include diet changes, medication and physical therapy.
Dietary supplements, including vitamins, greatly affect inflammation, reports Healthline. The site indicates that choosing olive oil over more fatty oils is a large boon in reducing inflammation, because of the active ingredient oleic acid. Other good choices are grape seed oil and avocado oil. Healthline also proposes nuts, seeds, herbs, garlic, chocolate and fish. Finally, green tea is filled with antioxidants, which reduce inflammation.
There are several medications available for inflammation, depending on the root cause. WebMD suggests various primary types of medication under a doctor's prescription, including pain-reliving drugs, corticosteroids and other medications. Even over-the-counter pain relievers are highly effective in battling inflammation. Doctors often prescribe aspirin and ibuprofen. The most common corticosteroid is prednisone. Finally, it is possible to apply medications more commonly used for other diseases. In severe cases, doctors even prescribe chemotherapy drugs.
Physical therapy is WebMD's final recommendation. Basic support items, such as braces and splints, help to alleviate pain from the inflamed region. Physical therapy sessions focus on joint movement and muscle strengthening.