Doctor treat bladder infections by prescribing antibiotics to remove the bacteria from the body, according to Healthline. Patients can also take pain relievers such as acetaminophen and ibuprofen while taking antibiotics to relieve pain in the pelvic region caused by a bladder infection.
To reduce the symptoms of a bladder infection, patients should hydrate with plenty of water to dilute the urine and empty the bladder of bacteria, as Heathline suggests. Liquids prompt frequent urination, which helps to speed up the removal of the bacteria. Patients with a bladder infection should avoid drinking caffeinated drinks, such as soda, tea and coffee, because these fluids can irritate the bladder during an infection.
Applying a heating pad or warm, moist compress to the pelvic region may also reduce the discomfort and pain caused by a bladder infection, explains Healthline. Low heat on the abdominal region often soothes dull aches and pains.
Doctors diagnose bladder infections through a urine test at a medical facility, according to WebMD. People who have frequent bladder infections or blood in the urine may need to undergo additional testing, such as a cystoscopy or a CT scan of the pelvis or abdomen, to ensure that their kidneys are functioning properly. A medical exam by a physician is often necessary when patients experience frequent bladder infections.