Tinnitus cannot be cured with medication, but tricyclic antidepressants and alprazolam can reduce the severity of symptoms of tinnitus, according to Mayo Clinic. There may be an underlying condition that causes tinnitus that can be treated with earwax removal, changing medications or treating a blood vessel condition.
Noise suppression using an electronic device also is an option to suppress the sound caused by tinnitus, states Mayo Clinic. These devices include white noise machines, hearing aids, masking devices and tinnitus retraining. White noise machines produce sounds that simulate environmental noises such as ocean waves or rain. Masking devices produce white noise at low levels to suppress tinnitus symptoms. Tinnitus retraining is a wearable device programmed to create tonal music that masks specific frequencies of tinnitus.
When the specific cause is not discovered, treatments designed to eliminate or reduce the symptoms of tinnitus can be effective. These treatments include anti-anxiety medications, special hearing aids, surgical injections of lidocaine, and tinnitus retraining therapy — a combination of counseling and special background sounds. For severe cases that do not respond to other treatments, the use of cochlear implants and cochlear stimulation devices is being researched. Alternative therapies such as hypnosis, acupuncture and chiropractic adjustments may achieve some results, but there is little research to support their effectiveness, reports WebMD.