In mild cases, uvulitis is treated with a salt water gargle; over-the-counter anti-inflammatory medications such as ibuprofen or naproxen; and adequate fluid intake, according to WebMD. More serious cases may require treatment with antibiotics, steroids and/or antihistamines, states Drugs.com.
Uvulitis, significant swelling of the tissue that hangs at the back of the throat, is most often caused by an infection, allergic reaction or trauma, explains Drugs.com. Patients presenting with uvulitis usually have swelling and irritation throughout the throat and oral cavity, notes Kristin Hayes for About.com. It is rare for it to occur in isolation.
Mild cases can be treated at home using remedies for a sore throat. Gargling with salt water several times a day soothes the inflamed tissue and reduces pain, states WebMD. Mix 1/2 teaspoon of salt into warm water, swish thoroughly and spit. If the salty taste is intolerable, adding honey makes the gargle more palatable. Over-the-counter anti-inflammatory medications also provide pain relief and control swelling. Staying hydrated and using a vaporizer or humidifier can also increase comfort.
Antibiotics are used to treat bacterial causes of uvulitis, explains Hayes. If the cause is viral, corticosteroids and antihistamines are used to bring down the swelling, especially if there is difficulty with breathing or swallowing. Corticosteroids are also helpful in cases of injury due to burns, such as with scalds due to hot beverages or foods.